The effects of reflexology on anxiety, depression and quality of life in patients with gynecological cancers with reference to Watson’s theory of human caring

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The effects of reflexology on anxiety, depression and quality of life in patients with gynecological cancers with reference to Watson's theory of human caring

Abstract

Objectives: This study aimed to examine the effects of reflexology based on Watson’s theory of human caring on anxiety, depression, and quality of life in gynecological cancer patients.

Material and methods: The study was a prospective, single-blind, randomized controlled trial with a pretest-posttest and a control group. The clinical trial was conducted at a university hospital in the Aegean region between October 2016 and June 2018. It was completed with 62 women, of whom 31 were in the intervention group and 31 were in the control group. Data were collected by using a personal information form, the Beck Anxiety Inventory, the Beck Depression Inventory, and the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire Core 30-version 3.0.

Results: Anxiety and depression levels were lower in the intervention group than in the control group. Besides, the quality of life was higher in the intervention group than in the control group. Reflexology significantly reduced symptoms due to chemotherapy, such as fatigue, pain, insomnia, and loss of appetite. Although there was a decrease in symptoms, such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and constipation immediately after reflexology, an increase in symptoms was observed in the intervention group two weeks later.

Conclusion: These results showed that reflexology based on Watson’s theory of human caring is effective in reduction of anxiety and depression and improves the quality of life in gynecological cancer patients during chemotherapy. It can be suggested that offering reflexology at certain intervals during chemotherapy will increase the duration of its effect.

Keywords: Anxiety; Cancer; Depression; Nursing; Quality of life; Reflexology.

Citation:

Göral Türkcü S, Özkan S. The effects of reflexology on anxiety, depression and quality of life in patients with gynecological cancers with reference to Watson’s theory of human caring. Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2021 Jun 17;44:101428. doi: 10.1016/j.ctcp.2021.101428. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34157494.

The conclusion of this research paper in Greek

The purpose of this section is to make this research paper useful to Greek speaking reflexologists. This is a tool developed by the Center of Reflexology and Research (Κέντρο Ρεφλεξολογίας και Έρευνας) in Greece and supervised volunteers from across the world.

Μετάφραση των συμπερασμάτων της συγκεκριμένης έρευνας:

Αυτά τα αποτελέσματα έδειξαν ότι η ρεφλεξολογία βασισμένη στη θεωρία του Watson για την ανθρώπινη φροντίδα είναι αποτελεσματική στη μείωση του άγχους και της κατάθλιψης και βελτιώνει την ποιότητα ζωής σε ασθενείς με καρκίνο στο γυναικολογικό σύστημα κατά τη διάρκεια της χημειοθεραπείας. Μπορεί να προταθεί ότι η εφαρμογή ρεφλεξολογίας σε ορισμένα διαστήματα κατά τη διάρκεια της χημειοθεραπείας θα αυξήσει τη διάρκεια της επίδρασής της.

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