The effects of foot reflexology on depression during menopause: A randomized controlled clinical trial

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The effects of foot reflexology on depression during menopause: A randomized controlled clinical trial
  • Abstract

    Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of foot reflexology on depression during menopause.

    Design: Randomized controlled clinical trial.

    Setting: Gynecology outpatient clinic.

    Interventions: We enrolled 90 menopausal women with depression. Participants were assigned to the intervention (n = 45) and control (n = 45) groups by block randomization. Participants in the intervention group received 15 min of foot reflexology on each foot for a total of 30 min in evenings, twice a week for six weeks. Participants in the control group received only the routine care for menopause patients.

    Main outcome measures: The Beck Depression questionnaire was completed by all participants at the beginning of the trial and the end of the intervention and two months after completion of the intervention.

    Results: A total of 121 patients were assessed for eligibility to participate in the study. One-hundred patients met the criteria to participate, and 90 participants-45 participants in each group-completed the study. In the intervention group, the mean scores of depression before, immediately after, and two months after the study were 26.97 ± 4.47 (95% CI = 25.3-28.3), 22.55 ± 5.18 (95% CI = 20.9-24.1), and 21.20 ± 5.74 (95% CI = 19.4-22.9), respectively. In the control group, these scores were 26.15 ± 5.01 (95% CI = 24.6-27.6), 26.22 ± 5.14 (95% CI = 24.7-27.7), and 26.66 ± 3.87 (95%CI = 25.5-27.8), respectively. Using Repeated Measures ANOVA, the comparison of the mean scores of depression in the two groups indicated that the scores were decreased over time.

    Conclusion: The findings indicated that the foot reflexology technique can be effective for reducing women’s depression during menopause. However, considering the study’s limitations, including a small sample size and no intervention in the control group, more studies are needed to verify the findings.

    Keywords: Complementary therapy; Depression; Foot reflexology; Menopause; Women.

Citation:

Mahdavipour F, Rahemi Z, Sadat Z, Ajorpaz NM. The effects of foot reflexology on depression during menopause: A randomized controlled clinical trial. Complement Ther Med. 2019 Dec;47:102195. doi: 10.1016/j.ctim.2019.102195. Epub 2019 Sep 14. PMID: 31780002.

The conclusion of this research paper in Greek

The purpose of this section is to make this research paper useful to Greek speaking reflexologists. This is a tool developed by the Center of Reflexology and Research (Κέντρο Ρεφλεξολογίας και Έρευνας) in Greece and supervised volunteers from across the world.

Μετάφραση των συμπερασμάτων της συγκεκριμένης έρευνας:

Tα αποτελέσματα έδειξαν ότι η ρεφλεξολογία στα πέλματα μπορεί να είναι αποτελεσματική στη μείωση της κατάθλιψης κατά τη διάρκεια της έμμηνου ρύσης. Παρόλαυτά, δεδομένων των περιορισμών της μελέτης, συμπεριλαμβανομένου του μικρού αριθμού δείγματος και της μη παρέμβασης στην ομάδα ελέγχου, υπάρχει χρείαν για περισσότερες μελέτες για να επιβεβαιωθούν τα αποτελέσματα.

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