The effect of reflexology upon spasticity and function among children with cerebral palsy who received physiotherapy: Three group randomised trial

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The effect of reflexology upon spasticity and function among children with cerebral palsy who received physiotherapy: Three group randomised trial

Abstract

Purpose: To assess the effectiveness of reflexology method upon spasticity and function among children with cerebral palsy who received physiotherapy.

Methods: A three group, randomised trial with blinded evaluator. Randomization was made sealed and opaque envelopes. 45 children with cerebral palsy who were trained at a Special Education and Rehabilitation Centre. In the reflexology and placebo group; a 20min reflexology was performed twice a week in a total 24 sessions. In the control group; no intervention was done. Before and after the implementation; measurements of the participants were obtained. The data were collected using Gross Motor Function Measure, Modified Ashworth Scale (MAS), Modified Tardieu Scale, Pediatric Functional Independence Scale, Pediatric Quality of Life Scale (PedsQL) and demographic data.

Results: A total of 45 children completed the study. The groups were homogeneous at baseline. Between right MAS Gastrocnemius muscle was a difference and right and left Soleus muscles was significant among the groups (p<0.05). Also; there was significant difference in between right and left Tardieu value in the legs; right M. Gastrocnemius V1,V3 and M. Soleus V1, V3 values; p<0.001 and left Gastrocnemius V1 and M. Soleus V1, V3 values; p<0.001. In Gross Motor Function Measure total scores and sitting position; in Pediatric Functional Independence Scale total scores, self-care and communication subscales (p<0.05). But in terms of PedsQL was no statistically significant difference among the groups (p>0.05).

Conclusions: Reflexology with physiotherapy reduced spasticity in legs, improved gross motor functions, decreased dependency but led to no change in quality of life.

Keywords: Child with cerebral palsy; Pediatric quality of life; Reflexology; Spasticity.

Citation:

Özkan F, Zincir H. The effect of reflexology upon spasticity and function among children with cerebral palsy who received physiotherapy: Three group randomised trial. Appl Nurs Res. 2017 Aug;36:128-134. doi: 10.1016/j.apnr.2017.05.011. Epub 2017 May 27. PMID: 28720233.

The conclusion of this research paper in Greek

The purpose of this section is to make this research paper useful to Greek speaking reflexologists. This is a tool developed by the Center of Reflexology and Research (Κέντρο Ρεφλεξολογίας και Έρευνας) in Greece and supervised volunteers from across the world.

Μετάφραση των συμπερασμάτων της συγκεκριμένης έρευνας:

Η ρεφλεξολογία σε συνδιασμό με τη φυσιοθεραπεία μείωσε τη σπαστικότητα στα πόδια, βελτίωσε τις αδρές κινητικές λειτουργίες, μείωσε το βαθμό της εξάρτησης αλλά δεν οδήγησε σε καμία αλλαγή στην ποιότητα ζωής.

 

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