Sole Reflexology on Fatigue in Pregnant Women – 126 Subjects

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Effects of Counselling and Sole Reflexology on Fatigue in Pregnant Women: A Randomized Clinical Trial


Introduction: Increase of fatigue may lead to problems during pregnancy, delivery and post delivery. Sole reflexology is the application of pressure to areas on the feet. Reflexology is generally relaxing and may be an effective way to alleviate fatigue and stress.

Aim: To investigate the effect of counselling and sole reflexology on fatigue in pregnant women, referred to the medical centers of Hamadan city, Iran.

Materials and methods: This study was a randomized clinical trial with three groups – Group A (counselling and reflexology), Group B (reflexology) and Group C (control) with pre and post intervention. A total of forty two pregnant women were selected for each group. Measurement tool was a 30 question standard checklist for fatigue assessment. For all three groups, an explanatory session was held to get their written consents and conduct a pretest. The intervention included five education sessions, twice a week about reflexology in the form of counselling and sole reflexology. The groups were assessed immediately after intervention. Data were analysed using IBM SPSS Statistics 20.0. To analyse the data, descriptive statistics, t test and ANOVA with repeated measures were used.

Results: In group A and group B, the mean score of fatigue severity after the intervention demonstrated a significant decrease (p<0.05); furthermore, after intervention, a significant difference was observed between the control and experimental groups in terms of fatigue severity (p<0.01).

Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, counselling and sole reflexology significantly decreased fatigue in pregnant women. It is hoped that the results of this study can be used by all treatment groups and midwives for controlling and providing midwifery cares for pregnant women.

Keywords: Education; Pregnancy; Quality of life; Relaxing.


Shobeiri F, Manoucheri B, Parsa P, Roshanaei G. Effects of Counselling and Sole Reflexology on Fatigue in Pregnant Women: A Randomized Clinical Trial. J Clin Diagn Res. 2017;11(6):QC01–QC04. doi:10.7860/JCDR/2017/22681.9972

Actionable Information for Reflexologists

In this section you will find how this research paper enacted reflexology to produce these results. We at Reflexology.Report distilled the Methodology portion of this research paper and we are presenting you with:

  • General methods used
  • Organization and duration of sessions
  • Reflexology points

The purpose of this section is to make this research paper useful to all reflexologists. This is a tool developed by the Center of Reflexology and Research (Κέντρο Ρεφλεξολογίας και Έρευνας) in Greece and supervised volunteers from across the world.

Αfter a gentle sole massage, the heel was kept in with the left hand while bending and unbending it from ankle by applying pressure to foot palm. Next, the thumb was used to apply direct pressure to Solar Plexus point. This was done for 30 minutes on both feet.

Μετά από ένα απαλό μασάζ στα πέλματα, ο ρεφλεξολόγος κράτησε τη φτέρνα με το αριστερό χέρι ενώ άσκησε κάμψη και επαναφορά στον αστράγαλο ασκώντας πίεση στο μαλακό σημείο του πέλματος. Στη συνέχεια, χρησιμοποίησε τον αντίχειρα για να ασκήσει άμεση πίεση στο ηλιακό πλέγμα. Η συνεδρία διήρκεσε για 30 λεπτά και στα δύο πόδια.

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