Is foot reflexology effective in reducing colic symptoms in infants: A randomized placebo-controlled trial

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Is foot reflexology effective in reducing colic symptoms in infants: A randomized placebo-controlled trial

Abstract

Objectives: Infantile colic and its accompanying crying represent a major source of stress and have negative physiological, emotional and psychological effects on infants and parents. The aim of this study was to examine the efficacy of foot reflexology for reducing symptoms of infantile colic.

Design: The study was conducted as a single-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial with a sample population of 45 infants diagnosed with infantile colic.

Methods: Simple randomization was used to select a reflexology (study) group (n = 20) and a placebo group of infants with colic (n = 25). The parents and biostatistician were blinded to group assessment. Foot reflexology, or stimulating reflex points on the foot, was implemented with the reflexology group. Placebo foot reflexology, or noneffective touch, was used with the placebo group. Over a two-week period, both interventions were performed four times for 20 min each time by the researcher. The researcher collected data using the information form, the Infant Colic Scale (ICS), and a diary of daily crying duration.

Results: The trial ended with the completion of the data. In each group, 20 infants were studied. The means of the Infant Colic Scale scores and daily crying duration were significantly lower in the foot-reflexology group than in the placebo foot-reflexology group (p < .001). Infants with colic in the reflexology group cried less and experienced fewer symptoms than before treatment.

Conclusions: Foot reflexology is a non-invasive and safe nursing intervention that is effective for reducing crying duration and symptoms in infants with colic.

Keywords: Clinical trial; Complementary therapies; Infantile colic; Nurses; Reflexology.

Citation:

Karatas N, Isler Dalgic A. Is foot reflexology effective in reducing colic symptoms in infants: A randomized placebo-controlled trial. Complement Ther Med. 2021 Jun;59:102732. doi: 10.1016/j.ctim.2021.102732. Epub 2021 May 10. PMID: 33984498.

The conclusion of this research paper in Greek

The purpose of this section is to make this research paper useful to Greek speaking reflexologists. This is a tool developed by the Center of Reflexology and Research (Κέντρο Ρεφλεξολογίας και Έρευνας) in Greece and supervised volunteers from across the world.

Μετάφραση των συμπερασμάτων της συγκεκριμένης έρευνας:

Η πελματιαία ρεφλεξολογία είναι μια μη παρεπεμβατική και ασφαλής παρέμβαση νοσηλευτικής φροντίδας που είναι αποτελεσματική στη μείωση της διάρκειας του κλάματος και των σχετικών συμπτωμάτων σε βρέφη με κολικό.

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