Effects of aroma self-foot reflexology on peripheral neuropathy, peripheral skin temperature, anxiety, and depression in gynaecologic cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy: A randomised controlled trial

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Effects of aroma self-foot reflexology on peripheral neuropathy, peripheral skin temperature, anxiety, and depression in gynaecologic cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy: A randomised controlled trial

Abstract

Purpose: Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) can interfere with activities of daily living and can negatively affect symptoms. Thus, this study aimed to develop and implement an aroma self-foot reflexology regimen based on Cox’s Interaction Model of Client Health Behaviour (IMCHB) as an intervention that can be self-performed at home and at any time. The effects of aroma self-foot reflexology on peripheral neuropathy, peripheral skin temperature, anxiety, and depression were examined in patients with gynaecologic cancer who were undergoing chemotherapy.

Methods: This randomized controlled trial included 32 experimental and 31 control patients with CIPN. Data were collected using self-reported questionnaires (CIPN assessment tool, HADS). In the experimental group, peripheral neuropathy, peripheral skin temperature, anxiety, and depression were measured before and after aroma self-foot reflexology therapy for 6 weeks. The control group was provided with identical aroma self-foot reflexology training 6 weeks later and underwent the intervention at that time.

Results: The intervention resulted in lower levels of symptoms of peripheral neuropathy, less interference with activities (p < .001), and higher peripheral skin temperature level (p < .001). Anxiety and depression decreased in the experimental group (p < .001). The ratio of borderline and definite cases of anxiety and depression did not differ between groups.

Conclusions: An aroma self-foot reflexology intervention can reduce CIPN, anxiety, and depression in gynaecologic cancer patients. Further research is required to assess the effects of differences in the content of the intervention and the effects of various numbers of applications and durations of applications based on each individual patient’s condition.

Keywords: Anxiety; Aroma self-foot reflexology; Chemotherapy; Depression; Gynaecologic cancer; Interaction model of client health behaviour; Peripheral neuropathy; Peripheral skin temperature.

Citation:

Noh GO, Park KS. Effects of aroma self-foot reflexology on peripheral neuropathy, peripheral skin temperature, anxiety, and depression in gynaecologic cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy: A randomised controlled trial. Eur J Oncol Nurs. 2019 Oct;42:82-89. doi: 10.1016/j.ejon.2019.08.007. Epub 2019 Aug 23. PMID: 31473465.

The conclusion of this research paper in Greek

The purpose of this section is to make this research paper useful to Greek speaking reflexologists. This is a tool developed by the Center of Reflexology and Research (Κέντρο Ρεφλεξολογίας και Έρευνας) in Greece and supervised volunteers from across the world.

Μετάφραση των συμπερασμάτων της συγκεκριμένης έρευνας:

H παρέμβαση πελματιαίας ρεφλεξολογίας με τη χρήση αρώματος  μπορεί να μειώσει την περιφερική νευροπάθεια που προκαλείται από τη χημειοθεραπεία, το άγχος και την κατάθλιψη σε ασθενείς με καρκίνο στις γυναικολογικές περιοχές. Απαιτείται περαιτέρω έρευνα για την εκτίμηση των επιπτώσεων των διαφορών στο περιεχόμενο της παρέμβασης και των επιπτώσεων διαφόρων αριθμών εφαρμογών και διάρκειας εφαρμογών με βάση την κατάσταση κάθε μεμονωμένου ασθενούς.

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