Effect of reflexology on anxiety and sleep of informal cancer caregiver: Randomized controlled trial

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Effect of reflexology on anxiety and sleep of informal cancer caregiver: Randomized controlled trial

Abstract

Objectives: The study was conducted with the aim of evaluating the short-term effect of foot reflexology on sleep and anxiety of informal caregivers.

Method: The study was a double-blind placebo-controlled study and conducted in an oncology unit of a university hospital. Participants were the informal caregivers of cancer patients. Reflexology and placebo intervention had applied for three consequent days. State Anxiety Inventory (SAI, 20-80 points) and Richard-Campbell Sleep Questionnaire (RCSQ, Visual Analog Scale) was used for data collection before and after the intervention. Data were analyzed with SPSS v25 software.

Results: Participants (n = 66, 40.17 ± 13.36 years old, ten males) were caring for the patients for 7.66 ± 6.34 months. There weren’t any significant differences between the groups for SAI and RCSQ scores before the interventions. The SAI scores were found 38.91 ± 5.63 in the reflexology group and 46.30 ± 11.29 in the placebo group and the RCSQ scores were found 409.55 ± 50.08 in the reflexology group and 441.82 ± 35.51 in the placebo group. There were significant differences between the groups for SAI (p = 0.004) and RCSQ (p = 0.001) scores after the intervention. It was found that reflexology has a large effect on Anxiety (f2 = 0.555) and a medium effect on sleep (f2 = 0.238).

Conclusion: Foot reflexology was found as an effective intervention to reduce anxiety and improve the quality of sleep of informal cancer caregivers. The effect of placebo on reducing the anxiety of informal caregivers was found, but it wasn’t as effective as reflexology.

Keywords: Anxiety; Caregivers; Reflexology; Sleep.

Citation:

Toygar İ, Yeşilbalkan ÖU, Malseven YG, Sönmez E. Effect of reflexology on anxiety and sleep of informal cancer caregiver: Randomized controlled trial. Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2020 May;39:101143. doi: 10.1016/j.ctcp.2020.101143. Epub 2020 Mar 10. PMID: 32379631.

The conclusion of this research paper in Greek

The purpose of this section is to make this research paper useful to Greek speaking reflexologists. This is a tool developed by the Center of Reflexology and Research (Κέντρο Ρεφλεξολογίας και Έρευνας) in Greece and supervised volunteers from across the world.

Μετάφραση των συμπερασμάτων της συγκεκριμένης έρευνας:

Η πελματιαία ρεφλεξολογία  βρέθηκε ως μια αποτελεσματική παρέμβαση για τη μείωση του άγχους και τη βελτίωση της ποιότητας του ύπνου των άτυπων φροντιστών του καρκίνου. Bρέθηκε επίδραση του εικονικού φαρμάκου στη μείωση του άγχους των άτυπων φροντιστών, αλλά δεν ήταν τόσο αποτελεσματική όσο η ρεφλεξολογία.

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Self-administered foot reflexology for the management of chronic health conditions: a systematic review

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