As part of an emerging movement in complementary therapy, the practice of infant reflexology and abdominal massage is gaining widespread acceptance as a therapeutic approach to the relief of infantile colic. The objective of the current research is to offer an evaluation of knowledge, attitudes and practice amongst new mothers in relation to infant massage and infant reflexology.
Specifically, the intention is to apply any insights gained to the establishment of appropriate educational programmes in line with the requirements of new mothers. This is to be achieved through the appraisal of any perceived improvements in the knowledge, attitudes and practices of new mothers following the completion of any programme.
A quasi-experimental design is adopted in this research and applied in the setting of the outpatient clinic at the University Hospital in Najran, Saudi Arabia. A convenience sample, comprising sixty-two new mothers, all of whom have infants ranging in age from one month to four months. All the infants experience colic.
The first instrument employed in this research comprises a structured interview wherein interviewees are presented with a two-part sheet. Section one is devoted to the obtaining of socio-demographic data regarding the mothers and the infants, whilst section two consists of a questionnaire devoted to gauging the level of knowledge of new mothers. The second research instrument is an observation checklist aimed at evaluating the practical skills of new mothers, whereas the third research tool employed in this study is a Likert scale which judges the attitudes of new mothers toward foot reflexology and abdominal massage. The findings of the research reveal that most new mothers demonstrated improvements to their attitudes, knowledge, and practice following the programme.
Specifically, there was found to be statistically significant correlation between the age, educational level, and work experience of new mothers and their scores for attitudes, knowledge, and practices. Hence, it was possible to conclude that educational programmes for new mothers can augment their knowledge, refine their practices and improve their attitudes in respect of abdominal massage and foot reflexology as a means of treating colic in infants.
Thus, the authors recommend that educational programmes constitute a significant means by which abdominal massage and foot reflexology can be promoted as a therapy for the treatment of colic.
Keywords: Infant abdominal massage; colic; education programme; foot reflexology; new mothers; newborn.
Al Qahtani AM, Ahmed HM. The Effect of Educational Program for New Mothers about Infant Abdominal Massage and Foot Reflexology for Decreasing Colic at Najran City. Compr Child Adolesc Nurs. 2020 Mar 26:1-16. doi: 10.1080/24694193.2020.1740827. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 32213142.
The conclusion of this research paper in Greek
The purpose of this section is to make this research paper useful to Greek speaking reflexologists. This is a tool developed by the Center of Reflexology and Research (Κέντρο Ρεφλεξολογίας και Έρευνας) in Greece and supervised volunteers from across the world.
Μετάφραση των συμπερασμάτων της συγκεκριμένης έρευνας:
Ήταν δυνατόν να εξαχθεί το συμπέρασμα ότι τα εκπαιδευτικά προγράμματα για νέες μητέρες μπορούν να αυξήσουν τις γνώσεις τους, να βελτιώσουν τις πρακτικές τους και να βελτιώσουν τη στάση τους όσον αφορά το κοιλιακό μασάζ και τη ρεφλεξολογία των πελμάτων ως μέσο θεραπείας του κολικού στα βρέφη. Έτσι, οι συγγραφείς προτείνουν ότι τα εκπαιδευτικά προγράμματα αποτελούν ένα σημαντικό μέσο με το οποίο το κοιλιακό μασάζ και η πελματιαία ρεφλεξολογία μπορούν να προωθηθούν ως θεραπεία για τον κολικό.